You must isolate the Oto’s in order to prevent the potential spread of disease into your tank. Fish, crabs, shrimp, and crayfish do not tolerate copper-based medications. Otocinclus are super friendly little fish. The problem is that often they do not learn to eat anything else but fresh algae. The female will lay her eggs in the tank and the male will fertilize them. An appropriately sized canister filter is a good choice as you can pack in with biological media and it addition it will provide the strong water flow these cats enjoy. All frozen foods or vegetables remaining after feedings should be removed from the tank within 6 to 8 hours to avoid ammonia surges. The same would be discovered in a well-fed tanked otocinclus catfish. Due to its intestinal respiration catfish can breathe with outer air.Body coloring has some yellowish tint and there is a wide black-brown stripe along the fish body. Even in the absence of the predators in the tanks, Otocinclus will not feel safe when they are in small numbers. Do not be like them, this mistake can have a very high price. So-so against hair algae. 2002 DOI: 10.1643/0045-8511(2002)002[1063:OTANHC]2.0.CO;2, Otocinclus batmani, a new species of hypoptopomatine catfish (Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from Colombia and Peru. This isolation should last for a few weeks. Tip: If you shine a light on it in the dark you should be able to see them if it has eggs. The tank should be 78.8-degree Fahrenheit or 26 degrees Celsius which will encourage your fish to breed. It tirelessly eats soft small algae from any surfaces in a tank. So what exactly is an Oto? They are also diurnal and enjoy quickly swimming around the tank. They can measure between 4 and 5 centimeters (1.5 – 2 inches) in length and have an elongated shape, rounded on the back and flattened ventrally. Using of sandy bottom substrate will become a good ground for the tank plants and the fish waste products will stay on the substrate surface till the tank filter sucks them in. Huge belly: Either a swim bladder problem or an internal parasite. You can easily provide some extra fresh plant material by offering cucumber, spinach or zucchini. Fill it with water. However, even in a large planted tank with a good algal growth you will putting your cats at risk if you don’t offer some additional food. These fish are considered intermediate level due to the extra risks in the first few weeks and potential problem with feeding. His favorite aquariums are biotopes (Amazon River), Echinodorus and Angelfish. Otocinclus species have very small dentition meaning that they are not physically capable of damaging the vast majority of plants. Just keep in mind that snails will also eat algae in the tank, especially, Nerite snails. Discus and Angelfish are the main targets and there is no definite cause, some speculate that the Otos are hungry and attempting to feed from the target’s slime. Fixing the problems can get your fish back to normal. These fish come in roughly 19 different species of the Loricarlidae family. In addition, if there are not enough algae in the tank, it can be difficult to keep Otocinclus and Amano shrimp. Therefore, add there at least some mosses. The head is slightly flattened, with the eyes on either side, giving Otocinclus lateral vision. As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. One catfish species has rather restricted habitat in Peru, Brazil and Paraguay, while the other its species can be seen everywhere along the Amazon and Orinoco river basin headwaters. Unfortunately, the problem with Otocinclus species is that they do not do very well in a small and bare quarantine tank. Remember to always ask a veterinarian for help regarding all of your pets. Although some people prefer to use a canister filter to get the best filtration. Oto should also not share a tank with tank mates that share an aggressive temperament because you may find your Oto wounded. If you have a busy, unplanted, boisterous community tank with large inhabitants I’m going to suggest you look elsewhere. The role of this organ is still not clear enough, however some specialists suppose that it participates in the copulation and it is meant for the male orientation during this process when he embraces the female head with his body. Read more information in my article “Advanced Guide to Planted Tank Lighting”. These are keys to success. The fry eat algae and microbes. Leave it under the strongest lighting you can find. Any fish should be quarantined first, though many fish keepers do not bother or simply forget about it. In the wild, they primarily eat algae and slime (. © 2020 Copyright Shrimp and Snail Breeder, Otos, Ottos, Dwarf suckers, Oto cat, Dwarf Suckermouth, Dwarf Sucking Catfish, and Midget Sucker Fish, They typically live 3 to 7 years with appropriate care. Otocinclus are often just really shy fish. The general rule of thumb is at least 6 Otos but the more the better. So, if you are interested in getting into this hobby or just want some extra tips and tricks, well this is the right place for you. Today I will be talking about a popular aquarium carpet plant known as Marsilea hirsuta. The fins are transparent and colorless with some greenish tint. Invest in an acclimation kit or. The only tank that won’t do for otos, it’s a tank with large cichlids (flowerhorn, oscar fish, green terror) or catfish (sailfin pleco). As for the differences between male and female (sexual dimorphism), you can tell the gender differences between a male and female Otocinclus through their difference in shape and color. Raising the fry is challenging because of the need for tiny live foods and algae. Finally, males have a small contact organ formed near the fin base. They are South American, from Colombia in the north to Argentina in the south. Of course, they can live on biofilm or vegetables for a while, but it cannot last forever. Otocinclus is a fast moving, sucker mouth fish that feeds on algae. But really, that is no different to most species. They are lovely characters and in many gentle community tanks they will fit in. According to the studies, Otocinclus become mature at 25 mm (1 inch) long. Mainly inhabits in small or middle-sized rivers with moderate flow. I hope I haven’t put you off these cats by highlighting the possible problems. At least a deworming program is a good idea, before you put them into a tank with anything else. Personally, I would recommend a Matten filter (or sponge filter). They should never be placed in a tank with Otocinclus. However, when they feel intimidated during day time they can become more active at night. Use the water that comes from water changes. Therefore, add there at least some mosses. Unfortunately, Otos in particular would not do very well in a … Any freshwater fish that is territorial or aggressive, Acclimate slowly. In the pet store trade the different species are often not recognised or correctly identified. Keep them away from all types of crayfish and crabs. Then start testing for Nitrates. Dr Michael Hardman,, Aquarium Co-Op, TheRick2325 You do not want such things to rot if not eaten. Otocinclus or dwarf sucking catfish (Macrotocinclus affinis, ex. They do not have any interest in eating shrimp, they will never attack or harass even baby shrimp. Many aquarium keepers prefer Otocinclus because they do not get very big. Due to its intestinal respiration catfish can breathe with outer air. If you are given them peas, they must be salt-free. That catfish together with Caridina japonica shrimp are able to keep you tank and all plants in it clean and tidy. The healthily growing plants that you will need to create an Oto-friendly environment will help with this but your main tool will be the water change. Female is fatter and larger than the male. Care for all the Otocinclus catfish species is similar. If you are looking to breed, you should have aquarium plants in your breeding tank. Copeia 2002(4):1063-1069. Water quality is vital so an excellent filter is essential. 2004 DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252004000300001, Reproductive ecology of Otocinclus vittatus (Regan, 1904) in the Pantanal floodplain, upper Paraguay River basin. Fish exhibits rather pronounced sexual dimorphism – female becomes larger and wider after they become reproductive. After the first few weeks, the Oto will begin to adjust to the tank. A substrate of rounded gravel or soft sand is best. These additives can be given to the fish once a week for the night, but the food leftovers should be removed from the tank in 2 days, not longer. As a result, they do not get enough food and, eventually, get stressed. This is very useful in their natural habitat of rivers with currents. The fish should then be transferred into the main aquarium using the drip acclimation method (read more about it here). After at least 1 week has passed, you can introduce your couple into the mating tank and hope for the mating ritual to begin. Aufwuchs is composed mainly of diatom algae but also includes animals such as rotifers, mini c… Currently, the genus Otocinclus contains 19 species of freshwater catfish. They seem to have more personality than a lot of small fish. If you keep enough to allow them to do a little shoaling, you will have a lot of interesting hours watching them interact. Therefore, they really have no interest in eating plants, they only graze on the surfaces of them. A good sized tank makes it easier to keep water conditions stable and it will give you leeway to find some other tank mates. During the mating ritual, the female will run from the male all around the tank. They are known for spending their time cruising the fast flowing streams and rivers. link to What Causes Cloudy White Aquarium Water, link to Marsilea Hirsuta Care Guide – Planting, Growing, and Propagation, Repashy Soilent Green (check the price on Amazon), You can read more about algae and Otocinclus in my article “Types of Algae. Separate the male and the female from the other fish. Although it’s easy to see between the male and female, to provide successful breeding it’s better to keep a group of fishes. Dwarf shrimp are even more sensitive to copper than fish. According to the experiment, most Otocinclus population died within 48 hours at 0.575 mg/l Copper sulfate concentration. Even as adults the largest Otos come in at around only 2 inches long. There are around 19 species of Otocinclus and they come in all different sizes, patterns and colors. If your tank and filter are properly cycled and you are keeping stocking levels and feeding sensible then your only real additional issue is keeping nitrates low. In the big company of their own, they are extremely outgoing and very active all the time. To be honest Golden Otos are not very golden, and Dwarf Otos are not very much smaller than other Otocinclus! These small catfish require some pretty specific care, especially for a new tank. Best Algae Eating Team”, You can also read my article “Step-by-Step Cycling your Shrimp Aquarium Fishless”. Otocinclus is a genus of freshwater catfish from the family Loricariidae. Eventually, the Nitrites levels will begin to drop. Some, The only problem is that they will compete with shrimp for algae thus it can affect the, In addition, if there are not enough algae in the tank, it can be difficult to keep Otocinclus and, Absolutely not!

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