Provinces and Territories Map of Canada. The park is known for its dramatic landscape and being home to many polar bears. The most obscure, isolated, and stereotypical of the territories, to even say “Nunavut” in Canada is to conjure an image of the most remote, exotic, backwoods part of the country. Paddle your own canoe through pristine wilderness routes and ancient forests. See the northern lights after a day of snowmobiling in eastern Canada. Geography. As a social rather than political region, the Canadian north is often subdivided into two distinct regions based on climate, the near north and the far north. As a country, Canada has ten provinces and three territories.These … The territorial legislatures of Nunavut and the Northwest Territories are also distinct in that they are strictly non-partisan, meaning all members are elected without political party affiliation. Located in northern Canada, the territory borders Canada's two other territories, Yukon to the west and Nunavut to the east, as well as three provinces: British Columbia to the southwest, and Alberta and Saskatchewan to the south. Ontario is the second-largest province in Canadawith a total area of 415,598 square miles. Over the following years, Manitoba (1870), British Columbia (1871), and Prince Edward Island (1873) were added as provinces. Much of the Canadian Arctic is covered by ice and permafrost. “Northern” Canada encompasses all land above the country’s 60th parallel, which is divided into three territories (from west to east): Yukon, the Northwest Territories and Nunavut. [19] During the short summers, much of Northern Canada is snow free, except for the Arctic Cordillera which remains covered with snow and ice throughout the year. This was in turn abolished through so-called “devolution” reforms in the 2000s, meaning there are now basically no meaningful differences between a province and a territory beyond name. Permitted a great deal of independence by London, for two centuries the HBC grew large and wealthy through its cutthroat dominance of the lucrative Canadian fur trade, dotting the northern half of the continent with military bases and commercial trading posts that gradually evolved into modest villages and towns (to this day, many northern cities are still named “Fort” something-or-other). Canada’s most extreme northern region, which is comprised of a series of large islands around the Arctic Circle — the very topmost point of the planet — is home to land that is so frozen, barren, dry and featureless it’s been used as training ground for astronauts. The territories are: Northwest Territories, Nunavut and Yukon. Small in population, mostly weak economically and often unbearable in weather, Canada’s three northern territories are among the most isolated parts of the country, and are easily ignored by all but those who live there. [22] The region also contains several groups of First Nations, who are mainly Dene with the Chipewyan making up the largest sub-group. [15] Views of territorial claims in this region are complicated by disagreements on legal principles. Today, the combined population of the three northern territories is just under 120,000, a number below the capacity of some sports arenas. The Peace and Athabasca rivers along with Great Bear and Great Slave Lake (respectively the largest and second largest lakes wholly enclosed within Canada), are significant elements of the Arctic watershed. This area has traditionally been home to the Indigenous peoples of the Subarctic, that is the First Nations, who were hunters of moose, freshwater fishers and trappers. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Canada reduced the size of the Northwest Territory by carving out new provinces out of it such as Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba together with the new territory of the Yukon while transferring other parts of the Northwest Territory to Ontario and Quebec. Nova Scotia is the most populous Atlantic Province, with a rich history as the gateway to Canada. Alberta is one of the best provinces in Canada for seeing the northern lights because vast stretches of land are protected as national parks. [23] Second is Yellowknife, the capital of the Northwest Territories, which contains 19,569 inhabitants. This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 19:45. Occupying nearly 40 per cent of the country’s total landmass, the North is an iconic yet mysterious region of Canada. [20], Although vast, the entire region is very sparsely populated. The Northern Provinces Of Canada is ranked 31,989 th in the world and 39 th in Hartfelden for Largest Information Technology Sector, scoring … The "far north" is synonymous with the areas north of the tree line: the Barren Grounds and tundra. The Northern Province lies mainly on the great southern African plateau which has been uplifted to an elevation around 1200 metres above sea level. The most common explanation is that the overbearing dullness and economic hopelessness of the region, coupled with hideous weather, provokes chronic depression and anxiety in its residents, as well as a generally nihilistic worldview. One of the best features of Canada’s easternmost province is the pristine quality of nature found in Newfoundland and Labrador. Rift valleys extend clockwise around the province from the north-west to the south. Similarly, the Far North (when contrasted to the North) may refer to the Canadian Arctic: the portion of Canada that lies north of the Arctic Circle, east of Alaska and west of Greenland. For those tough enough to do so, however, northern living can be a source of great pride — a symbol of man’s ability to overcome some of nature’s harshest terrain in the pursuit of a traditional self-sufficient lifestyle a small number of Canadians have enjoyed for centuries. Along with the snowy, generally treeless landscapes, Canada’s North is particularly well-known as being the fabled “land of the midnight sun.” Due to its proximity to the Arctic Circle, northern days can entail up to 24 straight hours of sunlight in the summer, but also 24 hours of straight darkness in the winter. However, in winter, darkness sets in for three months. The Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot works with small and remote communities in Ontario, Western Canada and the three territories to attract and retain foreign workers. Hastily-built apartments, saloons, and shops soon crowded the river-adjacent city of Dawson. The 8 Best Places To See The Northern Lights In Canada The aurora borealis is a unique celestial display caused by charged particles from the … Very few non-Indigenous people have settled in these areas, and the residents of the far north represent less than 1% of Canada's total population. [11] Britain maintained a claim to the far north as part of the British Arctic Territories, and in 1880 transferred its claim to Canada, who included in far north into the Northwest Territories.[11]. In 1973 the border was clarified as cutting through the centre of the strait, but this created a fresh problem: who gets Hans Island, which is located smack in the middle? A large and remote national park on Canada’s northernmost tip, Torngat Mountains National Park stretches 9,700 square kilometers (3,745 square miles). The Arctic and Hudson Bay Lowlands comprise a substantial part of the geographic region often considered part of the Canadian Shield (in contrast to the sole geological area). The Northern Territories are the most severely affected by global warming. The Northern Provinces Of Canada's national animal is the Beaver, which frolics freely in the nation's many lush forests. If you have specific qualifications, sometimes it can work in your favour. Seen here, an illustration by the famed Yukon painter Ted Harrison (1926-2015). The far north is also often broken into the west and eastern parts and sometimes a central part. In 1896, gold was discovered in the Yukon, leading to the Klondike Gold Rush in 1896-1899 and the first substantial white settlements were made in the near north. The same thing happened again in the mid-nineties, when diamonds were discovered. After the fur trade began to fizzle and the most economically useful parts of the territory were cleaved off, the rump NWT retained a tiny population of less than 10,000 until the 1930s, when new deposits of minerals, oil and natural gas were slowly unearthed, spawning an influx of natural resource corporations and government bureaucrats. This is especially important with the Northwest Passage. These reckonings somewhat depend on the arbitrary concept of nordicity, a measure of so-called "northernness" that other Arctic territories share. Although it has not been on the same scale, some towns and cities have experienced population increases not seen for several decades before. Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia were the original provinces, formed when several British North American colonies federated on July 1, 1867, into the Dominion of Canada and by stages began accruing the indicia of sovereignty from the United Kingdom. The eastern Arctic which means the self-governing territory of Nunavut (much of which is in the true Arctic, being north of the Arctic Circle), sometimes excluding Cambridge Bay and Kugluktuk; Nunavik, an autonomous part of the province of Quebec; Nunatsiavut, an autonomous part of the province of Newfoundland and Labrador; and perhaps a few parts of the Hudson Bay coast of Ontario and Manitoba. Scandinavian explores from Sweden and Denmark were some of the first Europeans to discover the lands of northern Canada, and though they ultimately chose to make nearby Greenland and Iceland the focus of their arctic empire, many places in northern Canada, such as the Sverdrup Islands or the Prince Gustaf Adolf Sea still bear Scandinavian names. The ground in the Arctic is mostly composed of permafrost, making construction difficult and often hazardous, and agriculture virtually impossible. World War II (1939-1945) brought a second boost through the construction of a massive military highway that linked the Yukon to British Columbia and Alaska, providing the territory with a vital lifeline that helped it integrate into mainstream North American trade and culture during the latter half of the century. Canadian Rockies, Banff national Park would be the best features of Canada freely! Claims in this region are complicated by disagreements on legal principles alberta is the vast region! 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