American show prizes were dominated by the British imports. They can be tricolor, though, and some are … After the industrial revolution, dog o… Without a doubt, it is to the English fancy of the late 1800s that the breed owes its development as a popular show dog. In the UK the Rough Collie is no longer used for serious herding, having been replaced by the Border Collie, though in the United States and a number of European countries, there has been a resurgence in the use of the Collie as a working and performance dog. The ears of a Rough Collie are similar to a Shetland Sheepdog's, but larger. It is from England that we find the famous pillars of the breed, from which the American fanciers sought not only their next big winner, but also their foundation stock. Both Rough and Smooth collies are descended from a localised variety of herding dog originating in Scotland and Wales. The average lifespan of a Scotch Shepherd is 12 to 16 years. [16], Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Accredited Breeder Recommendationas and Requirements", "Next Texas A&M Mascot Selected, Reveille IX To Assume Role In May", "WKC Dog Show - Past Winners of Best in Show",, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Collie, Scottish Collie, Long-Haired Collie, English Collie, "Lassie" dog. [2][7] This is light in relation to the rest of the body, and resembles a blunted wedge tapering smoothly from ears to black nose, with a distinct stop and parallel head planes. Hip dysplasia: As with most of the larger breeds, hip dysplasia is a potential concern for Rough Collies. The breed continued to thrive in England. Rough Collies exhibiting basic herding instincts can be trained to compete in herding trials. The dog needs to be gradually acclimated to the cold and a suitable insulated outdoor shelter must be provided for the dog along with ample quality food and a source of unfrozen water. The males are usually in the weight range (50–70 lbs), and the females are usually 5 to 10 lbs less. More recent breeding has focused on the Collie as a show dog, and also companion. The amount of herding instinct varies, with some dogs being quite drivey and others calmer. Unfortunately, the Collie's exact origins are shrouded in obscurity. Scotch shepherd dogs sport double coats, which may be either medium or short in length. They are medium to large sized dogs, and they generally need a house instead of being in a small apartment. The rough collie's long coat has made the breed successful on northern Midwest farms as an able herder and guardian of the farm during the winter. American Kennel Club: Border Collie Did You Know. Hip dysplasia is rare in collies compared to their closest relatives and other breeds of the same size. [2] Continued breeding for show purposes drastically changed the appearance of the dogs; in the 1960s, it was a much taller dog than it is today (in the UK; in the US, the size standard has not been revised downward and dogs have remained between 24-26"). [8] More rarely, Rough Collies can be affected by progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), another genetic disease in which bilateral degeneration of the retina results in progressive vision loss culminating in blindness. The breed specifications call for a distinctive long narrow tapered snout and tipped (semiprick) ears, so some dogs must have their ears taped when young. The Scotch Shepherd needs daily exercise. Typically, Scotch shepherd dogs and border collies are two colors, such as black and white, red and white, black and gray, or yellow and white. These dogs built the foundations upon which the present day Rough Collie is based and paved the way for the emergence of the great American kennels of the 1920s and 1930s. When the English saw these dogs at the Birmingham market, they interbred them with their own variety of sheepdogs, producing a mixture of short- and long-haired varieties. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? US and UK standards may differ. They were originally derived from a mixture of Roman Cattle Dogs, Native Celtic Dogs and Viking Herding Spitzes. Herds of sheep were common in the border country, making talented herding dogs valuable assets. Ears which do not "tip" properly, however, are common, and many collies have their ears taped as puppies (using medical adhesive or paper tape) to encourage them to lay properly – no cutting or surgery is involved. Earlier dogs were also more sturdy in build and reportedly capable of covering up to 100 miles in one day. They weigh from 40 to 70 pounds and have few medical problems. Historically, they were used in Scotland to herd, protect and drive flocks of sheep. They are typically excellent with kids. [6][7] However, they must be well socialised to prevent shyness. According to the American Kennel Club border collies were at first called Scotch sheep dogs, although the breed you recognize today has been the accepted standard for over 100 years. The muzzle is well rounded, and never square. Furthermore, once seen, the contrast between the Rough Collie head and that of a Border Collie is immediately apparent, the latter having a considerably shorter muzzle and a more distinct stop between muzzle and forehead. It is designed to show whether or not a Collie, who may have never had any exposure to livestock, still has the natural instinct to perform the function for which the breed was initially created. The eyes are medium-sized and almond shaped. PRA has a later onset and can be detected by DNA test, but is much less widespread (in the US) than CEA. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved.

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