Six-Day War A brief war between Israel and a number of Arab states in 1967; during this conflict, Israel took over Jerusalem, the Golan Heights, the Sinai Peninsula, and the West Bank. samurai The military class of feudal Japan. Ten Commandments The moral law of the Hebrews. manorialism The system of self-sufficient estates that arose in medieval Europe. A seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons. Be sure to include which edition of the textbook you are using! mosque The house of worship of followers of Islam. dharma In the Hindu tradition, duty or obligation. Jesuits Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic missionary and educational order founded by Ignatius of Loyola in 1534. junks Large Chinese sailing ships especially designed for long-distance travel during the Tang and Song dynasties. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) An organization that prohibits tariffs and other trade barriers among Mexico, the United States, and Canada. Sandinistas A left-wing group that overthrew the dictatorship of Nicaraguan Anastacio Somoza in 1979. sati (also suttee) The custom among the higher castes of Hinduism of a widow throwing herself on the funeral pyre of her husband. karma In Hindu tradition, the good or evil deeds done by a person that determine reincarnation or reaching nirvana. Description. shogun Military leaders under the bakufu. Term. Central Powers In World War I, Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, the Ottoman Empire, and other nations who fought with them against the Allies. Stoicism The most popular Hellenistic philosophy; it involved strict discipline and an emphasis on helping others. Potsdam Conference A 1945 meeting of the leaders of Great Britain, the United States, and the Soviet Union in which it was agreed that the Soviet Union would be given control of eastern Europe and that Germany would be divided into zones of occupation. Catholic Reformation (Counter-Reformation) The religious reform movement within the Roman Catholic Church that occurred in response to the Protestant Reformation. ayatollah A traditional Muslim religious ruler. Boxer Rebellion (1898) Revolt against foreign residents of China. Details. Jacobins Extreme radicals during the French Revolution. Manchus Peoples from northeastern Asia who founded China’s Qing dynasty. self-strengthening movement A late nineteenth-century movement in which the Chinese modernized their army and encouraged Western investment in factories and railways. Happiness can be achieved through removal of one's desires. Persian mathematician and cosmologist whose academy near Tabriz provided the model for the movement of the planets that helped to inspire the Copernican model of the solar system. Magna Carta A document written in England in 1215 that granted certain rights to nobles; later these rights came to be extended to all classes. By the fifth century C.E., Indian traders and Malay sailors had established sea routes all the way from the Red Sea to China, and even into the Pacific. 0 indulgence A document whose purchase was said to grant the bearer the forgiveness of sins. Mughal dynasty Rulers who controlled most of India in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. minaret A tower attached to a mosque from which Muslims are called to worship. they governed strictly. natural laws Principles that govern nature. Middle Kingdom Term applied to the rich agricultural lands of the Yangtze River valley under the Zhou dynasty. International Monetary Fund An international organization founded in 1944 to promote market economies and free trade. Sepoy Rebellion (1857) Revolt of Indian soldiers against the British; caused by a military practice in violation of the Muslim and Hindu faiths. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct. This one originated in India in the 400s CE and gradually found its way north to the Silk road and into Central and East Asia. Silk Roads Caravan routes and sea lanes between China and the Middle East. caliph The chief Muslim political and religious leader. commercial revolution The expansion of trade and commerce in Europe in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Northern Renaissance An extension of the Italian Renaissance to the nations of northern Europe; the Northern Renaissance took on a more religious nature than the Italian Renaissance. Sufis Muslims who attempt to reach Allah through mysticism. Warsaw Pact The 1955 agreement between the Soviet Union and the countries of eastern Europe in response to NATO. feminism The movement to achieve equal rights for women. lateen sail A triangular sail attached to a short mast. democracy A political system in which the people rule. New Deal U.S. President Roosevelt’s program to relieve the economic problems of the Great Depression; it increased government involvement in the society of the United States. Maori A member of a Polynesian group that settled in New Zealand about 800 CE. A. Weaving the Web of an Indian Ocean World 1. ayllus In Incan society, a clan or community that worked together on projects required by the ruler. 307 0 obj <> endobj Allah The god of the Muslims; Arabic word for “god.”. Revolutions of 1848 Democratic and nationalistic revolutions, most of them unsuccessful, that swept through Europe. Taiping Rebellion (1853 to 1864) Revolt in southern China against the Qing Empire. investiture The authority claimed by monarchs to appoint church officials. League of Nations International organization founded after World War I to promote peace and cooperation among nations. stateless society A society that is based on the authority of kinship groups rather than on a central government. Drop us a note and let us know which textbooks you need. Muslim “One who submits”; a follower of Islam. Treaty of Nanking (1842) Treaty ending the Opium War that ceded Hong Kong to the British. �Z��S�k3�5go�y�aץ��t{H3���s�)��eڡ�i}l��gu����_ұ�|���o+���G����E�N�7� xKނ��ω����)qI.�K�l���,d+Y���GpE�[�e��e�E��Ŭ�Ŭ��������cG���99��������f�C��G�#�.�.�d liberalism An Enlightenment philosophy that favored civil rights, the protection of private property, and representative government. National Organization for Women (NOW) U.S. organization founded in 1969 to campaign for women’s rights. dynasty A series of rulers from the same family. daimyo A Japanese feudal lord in charge of an army of samurai. an estate of land, especially one held on condition of feudal service. Bantu-speaking peoples Name given to a group of sub-Saharan African peoples whose migrations altered the society of sub-Saharan Africa. system of checks and balances Constitutional system in which each branch of government places limits on the power of the other branches. Seven Years’ War (1756 to 1763) Conflict fought in Europe and its overseas colonies; in North America, known as the French and Indian War. Pan-Slavic movement A Russian attempt to unite all Slavic nations into a commonwealth relationship under the influence of Russia. socialism Political movement originating in nineteenth-century Europe; emphasized community control of the major means of production, distribution, and exchange. stock market A market where shares are bought and sold. matrilineal Referring to a social system in which descent and inheritance are traced through the mother. Quechua Andean society also known as the Inca. foraging A term for hunting and gathering. Chinese records indicate that by the 3rd century B.C.E., “Kunlun” sailors [the Chinese term for Malay seamen] were sailing north to the southern coasts of China. Janissaries Members of the Ottoman army, often slaves, who were taken from Christian lands. Shi’ite The branch of Islam that holds that the leader of Islam must be a descendant of Muhammad’s family. an economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates called manors. Prague Spring A 1968 program of reform to soften socialism in Czechoslovakia; it resulted in the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. *AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this web site. Mamluks Turkic military slaves who formed part of the army of the Abbasid Caliphate in the ninth and tenth centuries; they founded their own state in Egypt and Syria from the thirteenth to the early sixteenth centuries. Reign of Terror (1793–1794) The period of most extreme violence during the French Revolution. diaspora The exile of an ethnic or racial group from their homeland. hieroglyphics A system of picture writing used in Egypt. Spanish-American War (1898) Conflict between the United States and Spain that began the rise of the United States as a world power. History >> AP World UNIT 3 Test; Shared Flashcard Set. astrolabe A navigational instrument used to determine latitude by measuring the position of the stars. ... Malay Sailors opened an all-sea route between india and china led to what? Enlightenment A philosophical movement in eighteenth-century Europe that was based on reason and the concept that education and training could improve humankind and society. oracle bones Animal bones or shells used by Chinese priests to receive messages from the gods. Five Pillars Five practices required of Muslims: faith, prayer, almsgiving, fasting, and pilgrimage. Monroe Doctrine (1823) Policy issued by the United States in which it declared that the Western Hemisphere was off limits to colonization by other powers. Mongol Peace The period from about 1250 to 1350 in which the Mongols ensured the safety of Eurasian trade and travel. kowtow A ritualistic bow practiced in the Chinese court. Indian National Congress Political party that became the leader of the Indian Nationalist movement. Helsinki Accords A 1975 political and human rights agreement signed in Helsinki, Finland, by Western European countries and the Soviet Union. specialization of labor The division of labor that aids the development of skills in a particular type of work. bodhisattvas Buddhist holy men who accumulated spiritual merits during their lifetimes; Buddhists prayed to them in order to receive some of their holiness. triangular trade The eighteenth-century trade network between Europe, Africa, and the Americas. A series or process of developments (the idea of mathematics, spices, technologies, and cultivated products) that were first made in Southern Asia and then diffused to other places through trade and conquest. British Commonwealth A political community consisting of the United Kingdom, its dependencies, and former colonies of Great Britain that are now sovereign nations; currently called the Commonwealth of Nations. %PDF-1.6 %���� al-Qaeda An international radical Sunni Muslim organization that uses terrorist tactics to oppose Western culture, values, and policy. Estates-General The traditional legislative body of France.

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