Some accounts state that the armoured column was being sent to relieve the Glosters on Hill 235, that Carne was given permission to withdraw to meet it two hours after being ordered to remain in position, and that, unwilling to abandon his wounded, he elected to remain and await its arrival. The battalion took up positions on 26 May, and the first attacks came the next day. [3] Having been commanded by, and therefore named after, a succession of colonels, the regiment was renamed in 1742 as the 28th Regiment of Foot and fought under this name during the War of the Austrian Succession. [114], On reverting to the infantry role, the 10th Battalion was assigned to the 72nd Brigade in the 36th Infantry Division. The regiment also participated in the British contribution to NATO in Germany, serving three tours with the British Army of the Rhine and two with the British garrison in Berlin, and between 1968 and 1991 it completed seven tours in Northern Ireland during The Troubles, in which it lost five men killed. [100] In May 1940, during the Battle of France, the German breakthrough at Sedan precipitated a retreat to Dunkirk. In the meantime, the battalion became part of the 63rd Indian Infantry Brigade in the 17th Infantry Division, which had to fight its way to and through Shwedaung when Japanese forces infiltrated between the rearguard and the main column. [145][123][146], The other battalions of the 29th Brigade had also been engaged in desperate fighting, though without the same scale of losses, and in total the brigade suffered 1,091 casualties. [151], While the Korean War continued, the regiment was engaged in more ceremonial affairs at home. In November 1915, it transferred to the Salonika front, remaining there for the rest of the conflict. The battalion saw action in December 1916 and February 1917 during the subsequent advance on and capture of Kut, and fought its last battle on 29 March 1917 during the Samarrah offensive. The 9th and 10th Battalions were also raised, the former serving in Northern Ireland, the latter in south Wales and then Lincolnshire. The regular battalions lost 1,400 men killed, 1,044 of them from the 1st Battalion, and were awarded 39 battle honours. The 4th (Militia) Battalion, meanwhile, guarded Boer prisoners held on St. [55], As volunteers answered Lord Kitchener's call to arms, ten New Army battalions, the 7th to the 16th, were added to the regiment's establishment between 1914 and 1916. [21] Although both battalions were forced to give up their individual facing colours on their uniforms – yellow for the 28th Regiment and buff for the 61st Regiment – when the government imposed a standard white across all English and Welsh regiments, the Gloucestershire Regiment never accepted this change for their regimental colours. The regiment was formed by the merger of the 28th Regiment with the 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot. Following the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 – part of the Haldane Reforms which restructured the British Army and converted the militia and volunteer battalions into the Special Reserve and the Territorial Force – the 4th (Militia) Battalion was disbanded, and at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 the Gloucestershire Regiment comprised: During the war the regiment raised an additional 18 battalions, and in total 16 battalions of the Gloucestershire Regiment saw active service in France and Flanders, Italy, Gallipoli, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Persia and Salonika. Lieutenant Temple and Private Coombes, both of C Company, state that the company was not subject to any major attack, and Temple states that, in the absence of the company commander, who went missing sometime during the night, he ordered the company to withdraw after daybreak on his own initiative. In March 1918, the battalion suffered particularly badly in the opening week of the Spring Offensive, during which it was required to take positions in the line as infantry, and by the time the division was withdrawn on 31 March the battalion had sustained 326 casualties. Be the first to hear about our latest events, exhibitions and offers. A Company in 1977. [126] The 29th Brigade was brought back up to strength in May, and the regiment returned to the line along the Imjin in September. It inherited the unique distinction in the British Army of wearing a badge on the back of its headdress as well as the front, a tradition that originated with the 28th Regiment after it fought in two ranks back to back at the Battle of Alexandria in 1801. Lieutenant Terence Waters, attached from the West Yorkshire Regiment, was posthumously awarded the George Cross for his conduct during captivity. [143], The Glosters' stand had plugged a large gap in the 29th Brigade's front on Line Kansas which would otherwise have left the flanks of the ROK 1st and US 3rd Divisions vulnerable. By 1760, Gloucestershire had raised two battalions of militia, and these were organised in 1763 as the South Gloucestershire Militia based at Gloucester and the North Gloucestershire Militia at Cirencester. [19][20] The reforms also added the county's auxiliary forces to the regiment's establishment, and at its formation it thus comprised two regular, two militia and two volunteer battalions: The Gloucestershire Regiment inherited from the 28th Regiment the privilege of wearing the back badge. It sailed to the island of Lemnos in June 1915 as part of the 39th Brigade in the 13th (Western) Division[41] and went into the line at Gallipoli the next month. In March, the 13th Division was transferred to Mesopotamia, but on landing at Basra the battalion was put out of action by an outbreak of relapsing fever. When hit by bullets they snapped like glass and the fragments were responsible for 7 head and neck wounds. [58][59], In 1917, the 8th Battalion saw action in June during the Battle of Messines, fought two minor actions in July near Oosttaverne, south of Ypres, and was involved in the Battle of the Menin Road Ridge in August. He was advised that reinforcements, comprising tanks of the 8th Hussars and Philippine 10th Battalion Combat Team and the troops of the Glosters' own rear echelon, were being sent up route 5Y. This infantry unit was formed in 1959. They were low on ammunition, though in their favour the 45th Field Regiment were still able to provide support. It served until 1959, when it was merged into The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire). This figure rose to 217 later in the day as men returned from leave and those few who had managed to escape from Hill 235 rejoined. The regiment narrowly avoided amalgamation with the Royal Hampshire Regiment in 1970, and it celebrated its tercentenary in early March 1994; 300 years since the raising of Gibson's Regiment of Foot. They served for a year alongside the 2nd Battalion and were replaced by a second volunteer company in April 1901. Success would allow them to attack the US 24th and 25th Divisions in the flank and leave the way open to Seoul. Military Medal group awarded to Private G Hadfield, 10th Battalion The Gloucestershire Regiment, 1945, Bugle recovered from a Chinese position in Gloster Valley on the RIver Imjin, Korea, 1951. That same year, the 1st Battalion was reduced to a cadre and returned from India to the UK, and the 2nd Battalion was posted to Jamaica and detached companies to Bermuda and British Honduras (modern day Belize). [132], At 22:00, a 17-man patrol from C Company in position on the river bank, supported by the guns of the 45th Field Regiment, engaged the leading Chinese troops three times as they attempted to cross the ford. Of the 250 or so men in the battalion before the battle, 119 were killed or wounded by the time the Japanese withdrew on 17 February. On the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, the Gloucestershire Regiment comprised: Captain Wilson, 2nd BattalionFrance 1940[99], The 2nd Battalion deployed to France on 2 October 1939 and was transferred to the 145th Brigade in the 48th Division in March 1940. It lined the route of King George VI's funeral procession on 15 February 1952, and it was presented with its first colours at a ceremony in Gloucester on 26 April, the two regular battalions having retained those of their predecessor regiments up to that point. The battalion's quartermaster had to move fast to secure custody of the wine inventory before the quartermasters of other regiments arrived. The final action of the 1/5th Battalion came in November, during the Battle of the Sambre.

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