In fact, a manufacturer designs a computer to obey just one language, its machine code, which is represented inside the computer by a string of binary digits (bits) 0 and 1. website development, It is easy to link to the databases, generate HTTP headers, It contains a simple set of basic components that allow the programmer to quickly get up to speed. These languages are best able to maintain data processing procedures and problems involved in handling files. Machine language is basically the only language that a computer can understand and it is usually written in hex. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Coeditor of. All operation codes have to be remembered. programs developed in a high-level language can be run on any computer text. These languages are not mutually exclusive, and some languages can belong to multiple categories. Sony Xperia Z5 Compact advantages, disadvantages and specifications, Lenovo K5 Note review, advantages, disadvantages and specifications, Programming in Java advantages and disadvantages, Visual Basics programming language advantages and disadvantages, JavaScript features , uses , advantages and disadvantages, Applications , branches and fields of studying Chemistry. High level language is abbreviated as HLL. Each instruction in the high-level language is translated into many machine language instructions that the computer can understand. Asked by Wiki User. These alphanumeric symbols are known as mnemonic codes and can combine in a maximum of five-letter combinations e.g. Who is known as the first computer programmer? ... ALGOL (Algorithmic Language) APL (A Programming Language) 2. Business Data Processing. Since it is machine dependent, the programmer also needs to understand the hardware. The instructions of the assembly language are converted to machine codes by a language translator and then they are executed by the computer. What are the disadvantages of Algol programming language? High level languages are similar to the human language. Some are fairly specialized, and others are quite general. All Rights Reserved. ALGOL introduced block structure, in which a program is composed of blocks that might contain both data and instructions and have the same structure as an entire program. Some examples include: Assembly language is easier to understand and use as compared to machine language. Programming language advantages. Although both FORTRAN and COBOL were universal languages (meaning that they could, in principle, be used to solve any problem that a computer could unravel), FORTRAN was better suited for mathematicians and engineers, whereas COBOL was explicitly a business programming language.…. This is another low-level but very important language in which operation codes and operands are given in the form of alphanumeric symbols instead of 0’s and l’s. This language is also very difficult and needs a lot of practice to master it because there is only a little English support in this language. All memory addresses have to be remembered. A high-level language has to be translated into the machine language by a translator, which takes up time, They are similar to English and use English vocabulary and well-known symbols, The object code generated by a translator might be inefficient compared to an equivalent assembly language program, They are problem-oriented rather than 'machine'-based, A program written in a high-level language can be translated into many machine languages and can run on any computer for which there exists an appropriate translator, The language is independent of the machine on which it is used i.e. Required fields are marked *, OnePlus Nord N100 review, features, advantages & disadvantages, Joints types & function, Nerve supply of joints & general features of Synovial Joints, Apple iPhone 12 review, advantages, disadvantages & features, Uses of the concave mirror and the convex mirror in our daily life, Advantages and disadvantages of using robots in our life, Robot teachers uses, advantages and disadvantages, Copyright © Science online 2014. For example, in COBOL, a variable to hold a customer name could be called "CUST-NAME." Like machine language, it is also machine dependent/specific. ALGOL was widely used in Europe, and for many years it remained the language in which computer algorithms were published. In a traditional, typed language, a programmer creates variables by specifying a name and the type of data the variable holds. The terms low-level and high-level are also open to interpretation, and some languages that were once considered high-level are now considered low-level as languages have continued to develop. Examples are: These programming languages are designed for building Windows-based applications.Examples are: This resource was used to help write this article. It is directly understood by the computer. Last modified September 13, 2019, Your email address will not be published. Anonymous Answered . https://www.britannica.com/technology/ALGOL-computer-language. However, learning a foreign language has some disadvantages, too, such as the cost of language courses and the time it … Global language is the language spoken internationally that many people learn as a second language. Updates? is basically the collection of functions that are supported by the C library, So you can add your own functions to C library, so, the programming task becomes simple, is well-suited for the large projects, It is, is a popular language especially in the game programming because it does not have the extra packaging of the object-oriented, Pascal is a teaching language, there are few industrial programs that are written in Pascal, It tends to use the keywords instead of C-style braces and the symbols, so, it is easier for the beginners to understand than languages like, Fortran is the number-crunching program, it is still used by the scientists as it allows the variables of any size up to the memory limit of the machine, It is not nearly as flexible as, is the multi-platform language which is useful in the networking, the most famous usage of, is on the web, It is used to build cross-platform programs that stand alone, learning.

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